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Windows XP, Windows 7 and Ubuntu, a comparison.

20111231 (2011 December 31 Saturday)

Operating systems tested

    ms-windowsgnulinux

  • Windows 7 Professional
  • Windows XP Professional
  • Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (Long Term Service) Desktop Edition

Installation

Both Windows 7 and Ubuntu installed in about ½ an hour just asking a few easy questions (country, language, etc), while XP took all day ( I went home ). The only notable differences between Windows 7 and Ubuntu were,

Ubuntu was usable during the install. Because it comes on a live CD it is possible to test it before the install, and then use it to surf the net, of write a letter while it is installing.

Windows 7 makes you type in a long number ( the installation key ). This is a bit tricky, especially if you have Dyslexia or a disability.

Keyboard Layouts

I use a different keyboard layout than what is usually set as the system default. In Ubuntu you can set this before logging in (or after login). In Windows 7 you do it after login. This means you have to type in your password using the system default keyboard layout, this is tricky. When the screen is locked (not logged out) both systems require you to type in the password with your keyboard layout. So in windows 7 you need to know what state the computer is in.

External USB Keyboards and Mice

With Ubuntu they work flawlessly, plug in and go.

With Windows 7 you must wait for the drivers to install, then when you take the laptop home and use your own keyboard and mouse you must wait again. Well not just wait I think you have to log in as well. (Don’t know how this works on non laptops.) In addition my Mac keyboard did not work with Windows 7.

Memory

Both at first only detected and used 3GB of 4GB. But by installing a PAE (Physical Address Extension) kernel in Ubuntu (just select it in the package manager and press install), I got to see 4GB. I still don’t know how to get 4GB in windows 7.

Ubuntu uses about 0.2GB out of 4GB at idle, Windows 7 uses 2GB out of 3GB at idle.

Boot time

Win7 from shut-down: 2 minutes 1 second
Win7 from hibernation: 24 seconds
Ubuntu from shut-down: 28 seconds
Ubuntu from hibernation: 28 seconds

Session manager

Ubuntu comes with a fully configured session manager; When a user logs-out then back in again then most (around 90%) of application are restored in the same state. This is useful for multi-user systems where keeping everyone logged in and hibernating the entire machine is impractical e.g. schools, universities. It also has the advantage that the state can be taken to another machine, just login (as long as home directories are on network storage).

Software

Both come with a web browser, video and audio players, but that is it for Windows 7. Ubuntu also comes with office tools, programming tools, graphics tools and much much more. And plenty more if you are connected to the internet. If not then get the 6 DVD box set of Debian. (Debian is has slightly older software but is more stable. Compared to Ubuntu.)

Virus scanner

Ubuntu comes with a virus scanner, though you will not need it ( so don’t install it ) unless you are setting up a file server for use by windows machines. Ubuntu has a different attitude to viruses — fix the vulnerability, thus rendering viruses useless.

XP

Last year I was using XP at work (this year I am using Windows 7). The machine, a better specification machine than the one at home, seemed slower than the one at home running Ubuntu. The one where I work now a much higher specification 4 processors, compared with 2, running Windows 7. It seems slowest of them all.

Virtual Surprise

When one day my machine at work had a software crash and needed a rebuild. I decided that I would install Virtual Box (on top of XP) I put Ubuntu in the Virtual Box, and installed X11 (the windowing system used by Ubuntu) on XP, so I could view Ubuntu applications on the XP desktop. To my surprise, it worked very very well, the whole thing used less ram that Outlook (Outlook uses a lot or ram) about 0.5GB. The applications in Ubuntu on Virtual Box ran fasted that natively installed ones (on XP).

So why don’t I have Ubuntu on my work PC?

I would love to, with Windows 7 in a virtual machine, but alas no. I can not get the Dell e5420 to work properly with Ubuntu. I can not get the 3D working, I can not get the external monitors working. I can not get the wireless network to work. So for now I will be running Ubuntu in a Virtual Box in Windows 7 (on work PC). I have Ubuntu working fine on this Acer Aspire 5338. And my dad’s Foxconn. As a beginner to computing my dad could not use Windows, to many problems and inconsistencies, he would phone me several times a week until I finally gave up and installed Ubuntu. We now have to arrange to see each other, as I no longer get support calls (well not many).

Update:
The newer Ubuntu works out of the box, on my Dell laptop. So have upgraded from MS-Windows to Ubuntu.

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3 Comments leave one →
  1. 20120105 (2012 January 05 Thursday) 18:28

    Did you try that Dell hardware with a newer Ubuntu? (I’d recommend 11.10 or even 12.04 alpha).
    Ubuntu 10.04 is almost 2 years old, probably that new hardware did no exist in 2010 so no drivers were present in the kernel.

    Try a new Ubuntu in a Live CD or Live USB stick. that will tell you if now the wireless and 3D work out of the box.

  2. davesdad permalink
    20120117 (2012 January 17 Tuesday) 21:10

    Thanks, I tried Ubuntu 11.10 and it worked.

    I did not like the unity desktop though, just as I was getting used to it, it started going wrong. I think if they fix the bugs it will be very good though. I switched to KDE desktop and it now works fine. The unity display manager (login manager) has the some issues as Windows 7 and I can’t enable kdm ( the kde login manager ).

    But non of this is stopping me using it. The only remaining defect is also in windows 7.

    It is good that you can change the desktop, every time you login if you like (well actually you don’t need to logout or close and applications if you know what you are doing). On windows you change desktop when you upgrade, if you like it or not.

    I once configured a window manager to look like windows 95, it was the morning after windows 95 was released. We already had long file-names, multitasking, etc and more; So job done in a morning.

  3. Myles Winsman permalink
    20130225 (2013 February 25 Monday) 18:16

    Looking out about anything online but take care while using the internet must be virus could be the greatest threat in online. The virus is some kind of a software that will be replicated as well as installed for ones laptop or computer whenever you surf sites. Some virus programs are self establishing programs and never need any of your permission in organising. Whenever a virus is installed in your PC, you simply can’t remove it yourself. You can either like to use the most effective free scan virus online and also removal program and/or format your hard disk generally if the herpes simplex virus remains a single area it has the capability to pass on all the way through your computer.

    This advice from a terrified windows user. I recommend you upgrade soon.

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